BERNADETTE SOUBIROUS VAN LOURDES
Marie-Bernard aka Bernadette Soubirous of Lourdes is a French Catholic saint. The visions of Bernadette gave rise to the emergence of Lourdes as a pilgrimage.
In 1858, she was fourteen years old, the poor Bernadette went with her sister Toinette and a friend gathering firewood. Bernadette, who was asmatisch, the other girls could not keep up. When she took off her stockings to stabbing a river, she heard across the top that present cave, a murmur like the wind, but did not move the shrubs and trees. She then saw the appearance of a white-clad woman with a rosary, which occurred during a subsequent appearance - on March 25 - suggested as Que soy era Immaculada councepciou ("I am the Immaculate Conception"). Pope Pius IX had already proclaimed in 1854 the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, that is to say that Mary from her conception was completely without sin. Bernadette, a simple girl who could barely read, but did not know this. Her parents, teachers and priests would later testify that they had never heard of the Immaculate Conception.
Bernadette called the lady aquero, which in the local dialect which means there. That year Bernadette was still seventeen times a vision in which she opened a source at the direction of the apparition. Bernadette said that the building in white dressed woman asked her in a cave church and hold processions to the place where they had to pray the rosary.
Lourdes has since become one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the world.
Statues of Mary meant to represent the Lourdes apparition, usually folded, praying hands, a rosary and white clothes.